Industry Standards

PDA Industry Standards is based on international best practice. These PDA Industry Standards undertake to define what constitutes the proper, or more specifically, professional way of doing things in an industry, and then communicating those standards to the general public. Thus, by making clear to consumers the terms and understandings by which an industry’s members communicate with the public and each other, the opportunities for confusion and disagreements are substantially diminished.

All participants in the architectural, engineering, design, construction, painting and coatings industry benefit from the use and propagation of the PDA Industry Standards. All consumers benefit from the use of PDA Industry Standards by those they contract with, to provide best value for their painting and decorating expenditures.

PDA Industry Standards

  • provide the measure by which the quality of coating work can be evaluated by the consumer.
  • protect the contractor by establishing limits on the extent and verifiable uniformity of a project.
  • protect the consumer by requiring work that is free from defects, deficiencies and significant variations of coating applications.
  • save contractors time and money when used and referenced in painting proposals, estimates, quotations and contracts.

Each Standard is organized into seven sections:

  1. Scope
  2. Significance and use
  3. Reference documents and standards
  4. Definitions
  5. Standard specification
  6. Comments
  7. Disclaimer of liability

The Standards discuss a range of issues that commonly become the subject of misunderstandings, or in extreme cases, contract disputes and provide guidance for both the contractor and the layman concerning  how such differences can best be avoided.

PDA Standard 1: Definition of Properly Painted Surface and Responsibilities for Touch Ups and Repair

Establishes criteria for determining a properly painted surface, defines touch up and repair, and determines which party to an agreement should bear the financial responsibility for such work. (Get PDF here) PDA Standard 1_2017

PDA Standard 2: Third Party Inspections

Establishes criteria for determining the qualifications and responsibilities of third parties charged with conducting inspections of coatings application work performed by painting and decorating contractors, as well as the procedures to be followed by inspectors in the performance of their duties. The establishment of “inspection hold points” by all parties to the agreement are an important part of this standard. (Get PDF here) PDA Standard 2_2017

PDA Standard 3: Designation of Paint Colour

Describes the impact on the costs associated with and time required to complete a project as the number and placement of paint colours and types of finishes grow. The standard is intended to provide guidance in those instances where the number and placement of paint colours and colour ranges are either not specified in the proposal documents or are unclear. (Get PDF here) PDA Standard 3_2017

PDA Standard 4: Inspection and Acceptance of Surfaces Prior to Painting

Establishes criteria for determining which of the parties to an agreement has responsibility for inspecting and approving surfaces prior to their being painted or decorated. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 4_2017

PDA Standard 5: Benchmark Sample Procedures

Establishes a procedure for the submission and approval of benchmark samples which will serve to determine achievable quality from specified preparation, paint and coating systems. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 5_2017

PDA Standard 6: Acceptance of Completed Wallcovering

Establishes criteria for determining the acceptance of completed wallcovering installations and defines the responsibilities of the parties to an agreement. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 6_2017

PDA Standard 7: Job Sequencing

Establishes criteria for the order of work performed by various parties on a construction project as it relates to the efficient and successful completion of painting and decorating work. The cost impact of variations from a prescribed schedule are discussed. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 7_2017

PDA Standard 8: Owner’s Responsibility for Maintenance of Paints and Coatings

Establishes the contracting entity’s responsibility maintenance of painted and coated surfaces and prescribes procedures and financial responsibilities for inspecting and repainting previously painted surfaces that have since become aesthetically less pleasing in appearance. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 8_2017

PDA Standard 9: Definition of Trade Terms

Defines terms commonly used to describe work to be performed by painting and decorating contractors in the routine and ordinary course of their duties. This standard clarifies the work scope and responsibilities of the painting and decorating contractor. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 9_2017

PDA Standard 10: Measurement of Surface Area when Estimating

Prescribes a methodology for measuring surfaces for proposing, estimating and quoting painting and decorating work. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 10_2017

PDA Standard 11: Caulking

Defines painter’s caulk to determine its suitability and establish its placement whether delineated, implied and/or not referenced in the specification for painting. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 11_2017

PDA Standard 12: Levels of Block Filling

Establishes consistent procedures for the specification of block filling and the application of block filler prior to painting paint grade smooth face concrete masonry units. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 12_2017

PDA Standard 13: Architectural Paints when DFT is Specified

Establishes the inspection and acceptance of architectural paints on the interior surfaces of structures when dry film thickness (DFT) is specified. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 13_2017

PDA Standard 14: Surface Preparation for Repainting and Maintenance Projects

Identifies and describes various levels of surface preparation for repainting and maintenance projects receiving architectural coatings. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard P14_2017

PDA Standard 15: Painting of Shop Primed Substrates

Establishes procedures for the evaluation of shop primer applied by an entity other than the painting and decorating contractor, including, but not limited to siding and other architectural features. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 15_2017

PDA Standard 16: Wallcovering Removal in Preparation for New Finishes or Wallcovering

Assigns responsibilities to the various entities involved when wallcovering is removed by an entity other than the painting and decorating contractor in preparation for painting. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 16_2017

PDA Standard 17: Field Painting of Smooth Faced Tilt-Up Concrete

Assigns responsibilities to the various entities involved when smooth faced tilt-up concrete is field painted. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 17_2017

PDA Standard 18: Recommended Protocol for Documenting Extra Work to a Contract

Defines criteria for the documentation of extra work to a contract for painting and decorating. Assigns financial responsibilities to the various entities involved when extra work is performed to a contract for painting and decorating work. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 18_2017

PDA Standard 19: Definition and Application of Decorative Finishes

Defines the field of Decorative Finishing. Identifies a representative sample and describes its use. Establishes criteria for acceptance of substrate and surface preparation for Decorative Finishing Establishes criteria for acceptance of a Decorative Finish. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 19_2017

PDA Standard 20: Recommended Protocol for Job Close Out of Painting and Decorating Projects

Establishes procedures for the close out of painting and decorating projects. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 20_2017

PDA Standard 21: Designation of Stain and Clear Coating on New Interior Wood

Designation of Stain and Clear Coating on New Interior Wood. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 21_2017

PDA Standard 22: Cleaning Surfaces Using Pressurized Water

This standard establishes consistent procedures for the specification of utilizing pressurized water to clean surfaces or prepare surfaces for painting. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 22_2017

PDA Standard 23: Painting and Decorating Contractors Implied Exclusions from Scope of Work

The purpose of this standard is to identify typical common items that are not implied to be a part of the Painting and Decorating Contractors work unless explicitly referenced in the specification or contract documents for painting or finishing. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 23_2017

PDA Standard 24: Recommended Protocol for Spot Repairing Existing Finishes

Recommended protocol for spot repairing existing finishes. (Get PDF Here) PDA Standard 24_2017